Neutering is the surgical removal of your pet’s reproductive organs. There are many health and social benefits of having your pet neutered.
Neutering for female animals is called spaying and involves the removal of the uterus and ovaries. In males, it is called castration and involves the removal of the testes and spermatic cords.
Female cats come into season normally at about four to six months of age, although this can sometimes be later. You can often tell when your cat is in season, she will normally become more vocal and roll around on the ground more than usual. Spaying your cat eliminates the problem of unwanted kittens, it also reduces her risk of developing mammary cancer later in life and infectious diseases that can be passed on during mating. We would recommend that you spay her at around five months of age.
Castrating male cats helps to reduce aggression, wandering and sexual behaviour, as well as preventing litters of unwanted kittens. Entire male cats often spray urine in the house, neutering should also stop this behaviour. We usually recommend doing this at five to six months of age.
Female dogs have their first season at around 6 months of age, although it can be much later for large breeds, and she will then come into season about once every 6 months after this. Spaying not only prevents litters of unwanted puppies, but also reduces the risk of false pregnancies, mammary and ovarian cancer, and pyometra (infected uterus) later in life. We would recommend spaying small breed dogs two to three months after her first season but will often recommend neutering large breed dogs at twelve to eighteen months old, once they are fully grown.
Castration is normally performed at twelve months of age, although this may also be extended for large breeds. Castrating male dogs helps reduce the problem of unwanted puppies, but has also been found to reduce aggression, wandering and sexual behaviour, and to prevent many prostate and testicular problems later in life.